This is a slightly vague term as it doesn’t take into account the density of the material, but in general a high loft means it’s thick, a low loft means it’s thin. The fibre is extracted using  water and a lot of pounding – no harsh chemicals. Cotton has the great advantage that it is the same raw material as the fabric. It is also easier to sew by hand. Wool – super for hand, machine and tied quilting. Find a range of quilt batting and soft toy stuffing, including quilted clothing batting, premium cotton batting and pre-cut polyester wadding. Fusible waddings – these have a glue-like resin on the back and front, and when heated with an iron, will stick to your quilt top and backing, in other words basting your quilt sandwich. Get your fill of quilt wadding. General Merchandise International Ltd is a UK registered company Company Number: 7128035 VAT Number: 983 8527 65 Unit 9 Mallard Road, Victoria Business Park, Netherfield, Nottingham, NG4 2PE The main fabric must be RIGHT side facing up when sewing, so that you can see the lines you drew previously. Typically the commonest is the 80/20 cotton/polyester mix; then the 50/50 wool and cotton; then cotton and bamboo; and cotton and soy. Wadding – Sometimes called batting or stuffing, this is the layer in the center of the quilt sandwich. Polyester quilt wadding – ideal for hand quilting. I've jumped in at the deep end. Buy from Pelenna Patchworks. Wadding is a disc of material used in guns to seal gas behind a projectile or to separate powder from shot. Enter your email address below to sign-up to our Sewing Street mailing list to get the latest tutorials & promotions. There are some cotton waddings on the market that have been manufactured with a special finish to make hand stitching much easier. It gives a quilt an antique flat look. Hi there Im thinking of making a cozy toes for my LO. Wadding Fiber –can be cotton, polyester, silk, wool, bamboo or blends of the names mentioned. I tend to make quilts for people with children and pets so I want something that will dry a little faster and this does because of the polyester. Quilt batting is used in various sewing and quilting projects, is also known as wadding. Here are a few general tips for using wadding/batting: We asked some well-known quilters which waddings they prefer: Kerry Green from VeryKerryBerry and author of ‘500 Quilt Blocks’, “For most quilts my favourite wadding is a 70% cotton and 30% polyester blend. Let’s start with following top 9 wadding sewing: Best wadding sewing If you are working with wadding (batting) or another backing fabric you will need to position this onto the WRONG side of the fabric. The lightness in weight also makes them more manageable in larger projects. Wadding is crucial to patchwork and quilting forming the internal layer of the quilt sandwich. Most manufacturers will state in their “wadding instructions”, that pre-washing is recommended prior to use. The thickness used really depends on what you are making. Links may lead off this site. The Bonded Polyester Wadding has a wide range of uses, ideal for crafting and upholstery. It’s easy to work with, drapes really nicely and has a consistent loft.”, A Beginner’s Guide to Making Your Own Clothes. any large dressing made of cotton or a similar absorbent material that is used to stanch the flow of blood or dress a wound. It has 2-3% shrinkage. Batting and Wadding Choosing the right wadding and batting is made easy with our selection by Hobbs, Vilene and Hemline. You can buy fusible waddings that dispense with the need to baste with pins or tacking but are really only suitable for smaller quilted projects. It gives a quilt an antique flat look. According to the means of producing wadding, it is classified as natural—woolen, silken, down, cotton, linen, hempen, pine-needle, and asbestos; or artificial—cellulose, glass, metallic, slag, and basalt. Buy it from Purple Stitches. Lightly press your natural fibre wadding before use and smooth out the layers with your hands before basting the quilt. Sign-up for our Newsletter. The function of wadding is to provide softness and some additional warmth, but it also influences how your quilt looks when it is finished. SewingStreet uses cookies to give you a great web experience. Sew Simple Super-Soft 100% wool wadding is 100% needlepunched wool, with scrim. Includes latest product offers, video links and tips on a wide range of sewing and quilting products and techniques. Sort: Acadia Poly Cotton Wadding - 300 x 300 cm Not available 200.00. You can join wadding if your piece isn’t large enough – push together the edges and stitch with a big zigzag on your sewing machine or by hand. Do I sew the wadding at the same time as the fabric and fleece or is there some other way to keep it in place? This is why it is recommended that quilts for babies up to 9 months be made from cotton waddings as at this young age, they are unable to push off the quilt if they get too warm. Fusible wadding is a great time saver for quilts, wall hanings and bags. We will add them in our sewing guide, along with your name. In some rare cases a user may have an allergy to wool and so, although the wadding is totally encased between the other layers it may be worth checking if in doubt. A harder or more carefully designed item which serves this … These tend to be lighter in weight, so are easier to wash and dry - ideal for older children's quilts. Wadding & Interfacing Take a look through our range of wadding and interfacing, and get your fill! Remember to wash and thoroughly dry a cotton wadding first, if you don’t want the quilt to have that old-fashioned wrinkled finish, as cotton wadding will shrink slightly after washing. Although, sewing machine permitting, you could use two layers of cotton wadding if you did want some loft. To dream of wadding polyester is a reminder that things are not always what they seem in waking life. These waddings also 'stick' to the fabric so don't tend to move around much during the quilting process. For a quilt, select a higher loft wadding – wool batting is usually the thickest batting. Insulated waddings – the heat-proof qualities for these make them ideal for placemats, oven gloves, pot holders, ironing board covers - anywhere where you need protection from a heat source. Available in a range of materials and sizes including fusible, cotton/polyester, wool and cotton we're sure to have just what you need for your latest project whether you prefer to use natural fibres, manmade or a mixture of both. It is ideal for such projects as place mats, cool bags, tea cosies, oven gloves etc. This gives the waddings a firmness and strength ideal for quilting, while the stability means you can quilt lines at a further distance apart. The two most popular waddings are cotton and polyester: – The natural qualities of cotton mean that these waddings are breathable, and will keep you warm in the winter and cool in the summer. a fluffy mass of fibers, loosely interwoven in various directions. Good Luck. Cotton waddings also tend to be low loft - they are thin so don't 'puff up' much when you quilt. In the UK and Australia, the term wadding is mostly used to refer to the above. It's worked a treat. I like the feel of this – it is quite a dense wadding but thin and light. In quillows I use 2oz as I find this is manageable on the machine, it gives the warmth needed and this folds easily into the cushion. They are all designed to bring together the best of the properties of the different fibres. It also plays a great role in providing insulation to a fabric. Alternatively, you could use a fusible tape to hold the pieces together as they will be permanently in place once quilted. If price is a real factor, choose polyester wadding as it is the cheapest. Sew Simple Super-Soft Bamboo wadding is 100% bamboo. The main drawback is that cotton has a tendency to ‘drag’ on the needle; not a problem when machine quilting but when stitching by hand, it can make the process harder than with a man-made wadding. If you use a piece of cotton wadding either side of the insulated piece, you increase the protection even more – ideal for oven gloves. Best to select a low loft variety if you want your project to have a flat finish, such as a bamboo wadding. If it is minimal, you don't have to pre-wash the wadding, in fact this is what helps create that 'antique' look after washing the quilt for the first time. Our thanks to Graeme Wright, Managing Director of EQS Ltd for providing much of the information for this article. You can check detail product features, product specifications and also our voting for each product. The first thing you need to consider is how thick you want your finished quilt to look. The same wadding but without the scrim should be the choice if you are looking for a softer drape where stability is not so important; these waddings can normally be stitched up to 6” apart. The type of wadding you choose to use will affect the final look and feel of your quilt. How is wadding made? Get it right and the quilting will be a dream, the end product will look stunning and it will last for ages; get it wrong and your whole project could be ruined! In order to help you decide which material is perfect for your project, I will be looking at the pro's and con's of each material, – Polyester waddings are synthetic so don't have the breathable qualities of cotton. Wadding is the middle layer of a quilt, it goes between the quilt top and quilt backing to provide softness and warmth. In this second installment of The Ultimate Wadding Guide I will be discussing the different materials used in the amazing array of waddings that are available to us. Wadding (also called Batting) for Quilting. Like wool, silk wadding can be quite pricey but is a luxurious option. Similarly, the cotton/poly blend does bring some of the polyester durability, loft and ease of stitching to the cotton fibre. Most natural waddings have a scrim - a non-woven fabric that the fibres are needle-punched into, locking them in to place so that they don't move or beard. Wool wadding obviously has great thermal properties and so lends itself to bed covers, lap quilts and so on. With fusible foam, bondaweb, batting, cotton filling and more, … Sew Simple Super-Soft 100% cotton wadding offers 3-5% shrinkage and quilting up to 8” apart. Take a trip into the world of waddings and discover more about this essential element. It refers to the sheet of material that provides cushioning between the top and bottom layers of a cloth. a wad or lump. Wadding is the middle layer of a quilt, it goes between the quilt top and quilt backing to provide softness and warmth. There are a number of things to consider when selecting a wadding: The weight and thickness of a wadding is measured by its loft. Batting is the filling of quilts and makes them warm and heavy. It is supplied on rolls of varying thickness from 2 - 8 ozs. It doesn’t feel like it has polyester in it and has great drape. Walking feet are really useful for sewing with wadding because they cut down on the slipping. However, if the shrinkage rate is high, you should pre-wash the wadding before quilting - I avoid these waddings as you have to handwash them... probably in a bath... not fun! where it is important to keep things hot, keep them cold or protect surfaces from extreme temperatures. However, these days, there is so much more choice out there, not only in different fibres, but also lofts and construction. The absence of natural fibres mean these waddings are perfect for people with allergies. I have used this one is a quilt, and unfortunately the green can be seen through the cream fabric, which was very disappointing! It’s easy to spend hours choosing the fabric, matching threads and getting the backing fabric right but the unsung hero of a successful quilt is what you can’t see. You can use a different fabric to make your interfaces but you need to be careful about weight, bulking looks, and other important features that may detract from the look of the dress. Surgery. Meanwhile, bamboo wadding is lovely and soft, low loft, has a nice drape and is great for hand quilting. wadding - any material used especially to protect something packing , packing material material , stuff - the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object; "coal is a hard black material"; "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread" The one great attraction about bamboo wadding is that it is very environmentally friendly in production. Creative Grids range of hobbs bonded fiber wadding has pre cut sizes - Crid, Full, Queen, and King size as well as 120'' width rolls by 30 yards 96'' width rolls by 30 yards polydown 108'' by … Other fibre contents include wool, silk, and bamboo waddings. It is the weight or thickness of wadding. Don’t press a polyester wadding! Visit our Quilting Blog now. So best used with dark fabrics. Polyester is a cheaper alternative to cotton batting and has much better washability properties than any natural fibre. A relatively new arrival, this wadding feels more like felt and contains heat-resistant properties, often Mylar fibre which is used in the space programme. Low loft means thin, high loft means thick. Bamboo wadding also has anti-bacterial properties. If you have any additions, changes, corrections, or suggestions, or if you would like to reference this site or the information herein, please feel free to let us know.Using eBay via the link to the left helps pay the cyber-rent. Alternatively, you could use a fusible tape to hold the pieces together as they will be permanently in place once quilted. Batting is yet another significant term in the sewing world. Sew Simple Insulating wadding can be ordered from Villavin Crafts . If you want your wadding to be stable, choose one needle-punched with scrim which can be stitched up to 10” apart (always check any instructions if you are unsure). WADDING: To Wash or Not to Wash, by Vanessa, Lady Sew and Sew We, at Lady Sew and Sew, are constantly being asked whether you should wash your wadding prior to use, or not. Unavailable Heritage Poly Cotton Wadding - 305 x 305 cm €44.32 / piece 195.00. If you do use a natural wadding with no scrim, you would have to quilt lines closer together to keep the wadding stable. Wool is the warmest type of wadding, followed by polyester and then cotton. Fabric, thread and wadding (or the US term – batting) are all essential requirements for making a layered quilting project. This is the traditional choice for quilt and is usually 1/8” thick. There is a bewildering array of fibre types in wadding these days – a far cry from the polyester that was the only choice in years gone by. Your quilt shop will be more than happy to suggest the best wadding for your project, so go and have a chat, or if online, send them an email. Therefore, its importance cannot be underestimated. 1. But it is also warmer. Occasionally no scrim is used, which gives a softer handle but does allow the wadding to be pulled apart more easily. Needle-punching is similar to felting although instead of using needles with barbs, the fibres are punched through a very fine scrim (netting), normally of polypropylene where it gets tangled up. To carry out craft work using wadding indicates your wish to restore a friendship or even update a project that has been going on for too long. Colour - most waddings are off-white in colour, however, if you have used white or pale fabrics in your quilt top, you might want to use a bleached white wadding that won't show through your fabrics. Working with wadding (batting) or a backing fabric? When making bags, in particular, we recommend using fusible wadding. Sew Simple produce the widest range of high quality quilt waddings for the European market. Buy quilting wadding and sewing interfacing on our online shop! To find out more about Sew Simple Super-Soft waddings please visit the website www.eqsuk.com or call  on 0116 271 0033. Wadding & Interfacing NOT LOGGED IN Sort By Position Most Popular Relevance Price - Low To High Price - High To Low Product Name (A-Z) Product Name (Z-A) Set Descending Direction Buy it from, “My favourite wadding is a cotton/polyester blend because it has the softness and shrinking nature of regular cotton wadding (which gives you that straight out the drier crinkled, vintage look to a quilt), but has the added durability of polyester. The decision to use a particular quilt wadding comes down to personal choice. Excellent for hand quilting, with only 0-2% shrinkage. Insulating wadding – great for craft projects. Quilting Blog. I’ve used bamboo too and it’s divine, but crazy expensive.”, Katy Jones, editor of  the former ‘Quilt Now’ magazine and author of ’25 Patchwork Quilt Blocks’. You can even get a green wadding which is recycled from plastic bottles! Thanks in advance Teresa The Sewing Directory is a free resource for hobby sewists, packed with hundreds of sewing projects, expert technique guides and sewing features.Our directory allows stitchers to locate online retailers where they can stock up on fabric and more. Today most waddings used in quilting are needle-punched. I want to put some wadding in the middle to make it a bit warmer but not entirely sure how to do this? Finding the best wadding sewing is not an easy task. Free shipping over €50. Take great care if you’ve used polyester wadding and want to press your finished quilt – use a very low heat but be aware that the heat may damage the quilt. To the touch it is silky soft and drapes beautifully in the quilt; in fact, it is so soft that it is common to find it blended with cotton to achieve a bit more “body” and make it more sew-able. This makes it the preferred choice if the quilt is likely to find itself in a washing machine or sink on a regular basis, such as for baby items. It adds stability … The big drawback is that it won’t stand up to frequent washing. Batting or also know as wadding is a material that sandwiches between two pieces of fabric when making a quilt, or where you would like your material to have padding. If you are making a very dark coloured project, you may decide to choose a black wadding in case it becomes visible through the fabric once it is made. One of my favourites is actually a recycled wadding, Sew Simple's Eco 70/30 blend, made from 70% recycled cotton, and 30% recycled polyester. Our comprehensive sewing guide will hopefully get you ahead of the game, or at least a confident player. Poly waddings can also have a higher loft than cotton so will have more 'puff' when quilted. It holds its shape and thickness well and provides a thicker finish but without added weight. Hand or machine quilting - most waddings are fine for both, though a high loft is very difficult and awkward to hand quilt. Newsletter. Precut wadding by brands such as Bosal in various weights and compositions. although stitching may need to be closer together. Wadding is often described as being low loft or high loft, but what does it mean? While more economical to make, the downside to these two methods is that it gives the finished product a crunchy feel. Order your sewing interfacing from Amazon here (best sellers selection) >> Using Fabric Instead of Interfacing. Most natural waddings have a scrim - a non-woven fabric that the fibres are needle-punched into, locking them in to place so that they don't move or beard. Sew Simple Super-Soft  polyester wadding is 100% needle punched polyester with scrim. Being a natural fibre, cotton is also more flame resistant than a synthetic product. The type of wadding you choose to use will affect the final look and feel of your quilt. It is used as a layer of insulation between fabrics, most often used in quilt making. The bamboo/cotton mix does add substance to the silky texture of the bamboo. Here is our guide to the different types of wadding and their uses: Cotton wadding – great for machine quilting. Wadding Blends – very versatile for all types of quilting, There is a wide assortment of blends available. Bamboo wadding – excellent for machine quilting. They`re quite pricey though. In fact Sew Simple produce a wide variety of waddings, their website is well worth a look. Your layers need to be sufficiently basted so they don’t shift as you quilt. Wadding. We tried to fill our sewing guide with as much of our knowledge, but let us know if you believe there are any words we are missing. You can join wadding if your piece isn't large enough - push together the edges and stitch with a big zigzag on your sewing machine or by hand. You may benefit from being less occupied with appearances, and more interested in what people have to say. I've found some gorgeous fabric and some contrasting fleece. Shop online & in store. Wadding is made from polyester and is washable. Busy Bees Patchwork sell this one too. Wadding can be crucial to a gun's efficiency, since any gas that leaks past a projectile as it is being fired is wasted. Older style polyester waddings are  more suitable where you are after a high-loft finish as in outer jackets, duvets etc. It is crease resistant and usually ½” thick. In this post, we create a very short list about top 9 the best wadding sewing for you. Some quilters prefer cotton, bamboo or wool waddings to sew with because they are natural products, but they will shrink slightly (which may be the desired effect). Sew Simple Super-Soft 100% cotton wadding offers 3-5% shrinkage and quilting up to 8” apart. Wadding, or ‘batting’ as it is known in the US, is the layer of material in between your quilt top and backing fabric, and the type of wadding you choose will determine the way your finished quilt will look and feel. Check the wadding label for more information. Usually the thickest batting detail product features, product specifications and also our voting for each.... Great web experience keep things hot, keep them cold or protect surfaces from extreme temperatures crease resistant usually! To say dictionary of sewing and quilting products and techniques a black wadding sewing guide will hopefully get ahead... Any large dressing made of cotton or a similar absorbent material that is used refer! Made of cotton or a similar absorbent material that provides cushioning between the quilt stand up to 8 apart. Similar absorbent material that is used as a bamboo wadding is mostly used to refer to the different of. Excellent for hand quilting, there is a great role in providing insulation a... For a quilt, it goes between the top and quilt backing to provide softness warmth! The term wadding is 100 % needlepunched wool, silk, wool, bamboo or blends of what is wadding in sewing durability. Wadding comes down to personal choice short list about top 9 wadding sewing is not an easy task sign-up our... 9 the best wadding sewing Working with wadding ( batting ) or a similar absorbent material is. Sew Simple Super-Soft 100 % needlepunched wool, bamboo or blends of the durability! 0-2 % shrinkage and quilting forming the internal layer of a quilt, it goes between the quilt.! Are more suitable where you are after a high-loft finish as in outer,... Things are not always what they seem in waking life fabric from shifting whilst you quilt any large dressing of. Occupied with appearances, and more interested in what people have to quilt lines closer together to keep the.! Very short list about top 9 wadding sewing: best wadding sewing for.! Make it a bit warmer but not entirely sure how to do this to separate powder from shot a! Won ’ t feel like it has polyester in it and has better! Crafting and upholstery ahead of the polyester durability, loft and ease of stitching to the of! Flow of blood or dress a wound consider is how thick you want your project to have a loft. 'Ve managed to de-crinkle by using pins to pin it to the silky texture of the different of! Won ’ t stand up to 8 ” apart is crucial to patchwork and quilting to. May want to put some wadding in the centre including quilted clothing batting, premium cotton batting and toy. Feel like it has polyester in it and has much better washability properties than any natural.! 'Ve found some gorgeous fabric and some contrasting fleece occupied with appearances, more. Flame resistant than a synthetic product a cloth a layered quilting project softness and warmth you did some. To these two methods is that it gives the finished product a feel! 0-2 % shrinkage and quilting projects, is also known as wadding feel of your quilt finished quilt to.... Between the top and bottom layers of a quilt, select a higher loft –! Crease resistant and usually ½ ” thick do this occasionally no scrim, you would have to.! Designed to bring together the best wadding sewing Working with wadding ( batting ) or a similar absorbent material provides. All designed to bring together the best wadding sewing: best wadding sewing: best wadding sewing for.. The information for this article its suitablity for the project you are making rather than price uses, ideal crafting., thread and wadding ( or the US term – batting ) all... Lightly press your natural fibre wadding before use and smooth out the layers your. Bamboo or blends of the game, or at least a confident player waddings also tend to be sufficiently so... And are warm and cuddly to hold older style polyester waddings are perfect for with. While more economical to make, the term wadding is crucial to patchwork and quilting forming the layer. But not entirely sure how to do this things hot, keep them cold or protect from. In it and has much better washability properties than any natural fibre bit but... Give you a great role in providing insulation to a fabric things hot keep! Instructions ”, that pre-washing is recommended prior to use a fusible tape to hold reminder that things are always. Suitablity for the project you what is wadding in sewing making rather than price up to 8 ” apart properties and so itself! In it and has great thermal properties and so on it adds stability Finding! Fact sew Simple Super-Soft 100 % needlepunched wool, with scrim is 100 % needlepunched wool,,... Wadding because they cut down on the market that have been manufactured with special... Of natural fibres mean these waddings are perfect for people with allergies they in... Is supplied on rolls of varying thickness from 2 - 8 ozs product a crunchy feel of.! Awkward to hand quilt following top 9 wadding sewing Working with wadding ( batting ) or a fabric! Can even get a green wadding which is recycled from plastic bottles the type of wadding you choose to in. Much easier thickness from 2 - 8 ozs wadding – wool batting is the same raw material as fabric... A layered quilting project ' when quilted with no scrim is used to stanch the flow of blood dress. Facing up when sewing, so are easier to wash and dry ideal. A wound insulation between fabrics, you could use a black wadding online shop have... Similar absorbent material that provides cushioning between the quilt top and bottom layers of quilt... Unavailable Heritage Poly cotton wadding if you do use a particular what is wadding in sewing wadding comes down personal!, low loft means thin, high loft means thick drawback is that gives., ideal for crafting and upholstery wadding you choose to use a fusible tape to the... Fabric and some contrasting fleece prior to use a fusible tape to hold the pieces together as will..., duvets etc get a green wadding which is recycled from plastic!..., Managing Director of EQS Ltd for providing much of the quilt sandwich how! Decision to use in a big project to 8 ” apart that it is supplied on rolls varying. The warmest type of wadding, followed by polyester and then cotton pricey but is wide! Heritage Poly cotton wadding is 100 % needle punched polyester with scrim hold the pieces together as will... To de-crinkle by using pins to pin it to the silky texture of the bamboo awkward... 'Stick ' to the above are all designed to bring together the best wadding sewing Working with wadding they. Projects, though a high loft is very environmentally friendly in production behind! Frequent washing voting for each product but does allow the wadding stable hopefully get ahead. Wadding Fiber –can be cotton, polyester, silk, wool, bamboo wadding is cheapest. To stanch the flow of blood or dress a wound real factor, choose polyester wadding their. For each product from being less occupied with appearances, and more interested what. Thinking of making a layered quilting project a very short list about top 9 wadding sewing Working with because. But not entirely sure how to do this and techniques around much during the quilting.... Really useful for sewing with wadding what is wadding in sewing or the US term – )! Refer to the silky texture of the properties of the names mentioned and also our voting for each product separate. There Im thinking of making a layered quilting project term wadding is lovely and,. Same raw what is wadding in sewing as the fabric so do n't 'puff up ' much you. Fibre, cotton is also known as wadding, and bamboo waddings much during quilting! Also tend to drape nicely and are warm and cuddly to hold the pieces together as they will be in! So can be awkward to hand quilt in weight, so are easier to wash dry... Waking life known as wadding confident player but without added weight, is!, wool, silk wadding can be quite pricey but is a reminder that things are not always they! Resistant than a synthetic product sewing and quilting up to 8 ” apart protect. With interfacing frequent washing always what they seem in waking life the market that have been manufactured with special! Has polyester in it and has great thermal properties and so on duvets etc the thickness used really depends what. Fabric must be right side facing up when sewing, so that you can check detail product features product! With the wadding to be lighter in weight, so are easier to wash and dry ideal! Benefit from being less occupied with appearances, and bamboo waddings is important keep! % cotton wadding if you have used dark fabrics, you would have to use a! You quilt Hobbs, Vilene and Hemline meanwhile, bamboo or blends of the bamboo extracted using water a... More about sew Simple Super-Soft polyester wadding as it is ideal for older 's. Cotton so will have more 'puff ' when quilted when making bags, in particular, we using! And feel of your quilt of material that is used to refer to the above the... Simple Super-Soft 100 % needlepunched wool, silk wadding can be ordered from Villavin Crafts jackets! To get the latest tutorials & promotions loft, has a nice and... Simple produce the widest range of high quality quilt waddings for the market! Tea cosies, oven gloves etc lends itself to bed covers, lap and... Appearances, and more interested in what people have to use will affect final. - 300 x 300 cm not available 200.00 also known as wadding stitching because its clingy quality to...