[9] Another writer, however, argued that: Besides the excellent arrangement of conveying men and letters on horseback, there is of late such an admirable commodiousness, both for men and women, to travel from London to the principal towns in the country, that the like hath not been known in the world, and that is by stage-coaches, wherein any one may be transported to any place, sheltered from foul weather and foul ways; free from endamaging of one's health and one's body by the hard jogging or over-violent motion; and this not only at a low price (about a shilling for every five miles), but with such velocity and speed in one hour, as that the posts in some foreign countries make in a day. Holladay owned the Overland Mail & Express Company, which he bought from the Pony Express in 1862. Stagecoach Events [footer] History. The diligence (dilly for short), a solidly built coach with four or more horses, was the French analogue for public conveyance, especially in France, with minor varieties in Germany such as the Stellwagen and Eilwagen. Sept. 2, 1883: William Lammereaux clucked and hawed his team of horses into motion to launch the last stagecoach run from Helena to Deer Lodge. A getaway driver comes out of retirement to pull off one last run - one that could send him to an early grave instead. Yakima Canutt explained how the stunt was accomplished where, as an Apache warrior attacking the stagecoach, he is "shot", falls off his horse, and then gets dragged underneath the stagecoach: "You have to run the horses fast, so they'll run straight. See Answer. Upon the roof, on the outside, is the imperial, which is generally filled with six or seven persons more, and a heap of luggage, which latter also occupies the basket, and generally presents a pile, half as high again as the coach, which is secured by ropes and chains, tightened by a large iron windlass, which also constitutes another appendage of this moving mass. From the roof depends a large net work which is generally crouded with hats, swords, and band boxes, the whole is convenient, and when all parties are seated and arranged, the accommodations are by no means unpleasant. 5 6 7. According to The Story of the Great American West, Concord coaches came in various heavily varnished, bright colors and various sizes, as well.They were 8 1/2 feet long (now imagine the space inside of the coach), weighed 2500 pounds, which could be deadly if they tipped over on a road, and cost around $1300 depending on the amount of detail. It is strongly sprung and generally drawn by four horses. After the expiry of his patent most British horse carriages were equipped with elliptic springs; wooden springs in the case of light one-horse vehicles to avoid taxation, and steel springs in larger vehicles. The amateur bandit Pearl Hart and her boyfriend hold up an Arizona stagecoach on May 30, 1899. But history states the Blue Sulphur Springs resort had daily stagecoach runs to Lewisburg and Charleston. While stagecoaches vanished as rail penetrated the countryside the 1860s did see the start of a coaching revival spurred on by the popularity of Four-in-hand driving as a sporting pursuit (the Four-In-Hand Driving Club was founded in 1856 and the Coaching Club in 1871). Concords had a seat in front, in back, and one in the middle seating nine when full and leaving little leg room, but passengers were also allowed to ride on top. In 2008, festivals and programs were held as part of our Stagecoach Days: 150th Anniversary, recognizing and celebrating the history of the stagecoach. Our Story. The first rail delivery between Liverpool and Manchester took place on 11 November 1830. During stagecoach holdups, did outlaws catch the coach on a dead run, while shooting the armed guard, driver and passengers? … [10], Palmer made much use of the "flying" stagecoach services between cities in the course of his business, and noted that it seemed far more efficient than the system of mail delivery then in operation. [7] By the mid 17th century, a basic stagecoach infrastructure had been put in place. For generations, we’ve been helping people go further. [16], The development of railways in the 1830s spelled the end for stagecoaches and mail coaches. New coaches often known as Park Drags began to be built to order. These coaches only operated on certain days and they also carried the mail. The business of running stagecoaches or the act of journeying in them was known as staging. Around twenty years later in 1880 John Pleasant Gray recorded after travelling from Tucson to Tombstone on J.D. It was advertised with the following announcement - "However incredible it may appear, this coach will actually (barring accidents) arrive in London in four days and a half after leaving Manchester." In the end, it was actually, the introduction of the automobile that led to the end of the stagecoach in the early 1900s. I found no direct evidence that places a stagecoach in Alderson. They came to be known as road coaches and were used by their enterprising (or nostalgic) owners to provide scheduled passenger services where rail had not yet reached and also on certain routes at certain times of the year for the pleasure of an (often amateur) coachman and his daring passengers. By the early 1840s most London-based coaches had been withdrawn from service.[10]. Travel time was reduced on this later run from three days to two in 1766 with an improved coach called the Flying Machine. Stagecoach Inns and Stations. Last Name Email Password By signing up, you agree to receiving newsletters from Rotten Tomatoes. Texas Stage Lines ; Riding The Stage in Old Texas In 1853 stagecoach lines were the main mode of travel from Texas to other parts of the country. There were more than 15,000 employees in the Overland Company and 110 Concord Stagecoaches. A simplified and lightened vehicle known as a stage wagon, mud-coach, or mud-wagon, was used in the United States under difficult conditions. Each route had an average of four coaches operating on it at one time - two for both directions and a further two spares in case of a breakdown en route. The Stagecoach Rides Again. It operated under the supervision of one or another of the Abbot or Downing family members from 1827 to 1899. His patent lasted 14 years delaying development because Elliott allowed no others to license and use his patent. [7], Robert Hooke helped in the construction of some of the first spring-suspended coaches in the 1660s and spoked wheels with iron rim brakes were introduced, improving the characteristics of the coach. If it had not been for the long stretches when the horses had to walk, enabling most of us to get out and "foot it" as a relaxation, it seems as if we could never have survived the trip. In his book, “Stagecoach Days in Santa Barbara County, Walker A. Tompkins wrote, “Whips were considered a part of the driver, who kept the lashes well-oiled and as pliable as “a snake in the sun.” Most stagecoach whips had buckskin lashes, usually from 11 to 12 feet in … Early coach travel was slow; in 1673, it took eight days to travel by coach from London to Exeter! 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It occurred to him that this stagecoach service could be developed into a national mail delivery service, so in 1782 he suggested to the Post Office in London that they take up the idea. Since 1986, he has offered rides in a replica of a Concord coach, on local trails that were part of the original stagecoach routes in the 1840s and 1850s. The best and most common way to rob a stagecoach was for the outlaws to wait beside the road on a … For more information about the Stagecoach Inn click here. A stagecoach is a four-wheeled public coach used to carry paying passengers and light packages on journeys long enough to need a change of horses. Every stagecoach route in Texas stretched along a series of stopping points where drivers could hitch on a fresh team in 10 minutes and be on their way again. That’s Hollywood stuff. During the gold rush years in the Rocky Mountains the Wells Fargo line had such a difficult time protecting its passengers and cargo that it created a standard form letter for reporting robberies. McCarthy and Stalin – Political Brothers? The first crude depiction of a coach was in an English manuscript from the 13th century. The home was later run as a rooming house and fell into disrepair. The stagecoach was a closed four-wheeled vehicle drawn by horses or hard-going mules. Shakespeare's first plays were performed at coaching inns such as The George Inn, Southwark. Wells Fargo nailed safes to the floorboards of the coaches, hired armed guards to protect shipments and taught silver shippers how to melt their precious metals into bars too large to be carried by men on the run, and still their stagecoaches were robbed. [12], The period from 1800 to 1830 saw great improvements in the design of coaches, notably by John Besant in 1792 and 1795. [7], In 1754, a Manchester-based company began a new service called the "Flying Coach". Under the old system the journey had taken up to 38 hours. Top Answer. Covered wagons, on the other hand, stuck around for a long time. Coachmen carried letters, packages, and money, often transacting business or delivering messages for their customers. Passengers were appalled by the dirt and squalor that greeted them at the station. Coaches with iron or steel springs were uncomfortable and had short useful lives. Today it’s the Old Stagecoach Inn, a historic bed-and-breakfast in the center of downtown Waterbury. A service to Edinburgh was added the next year, and Palmer was rewarded by being made Surveyor and Comptroller General of the Post Office. Rest stations, which were called swing stations, were only used to change out horses and rarely offered food. The last stagecoach robbery in the West was held 5 December 1916 near Jarbidge, Nevada Critic Reviews for Stagecoach Run. The English visitor noted the small, sturdy Norman horses "running away with our cumbrous machine, at the rate of six or seven miles an hour". They built their first Concord stagecoach in 1827 employing long leather straps under their stagecoaches which gave a swinging motion.[20]. ... Last Stagecoach services now departing around Gloucester. 63 to Fort Springs in the 1940s. The decline of wagon trains in the United States started in 1869, with the completion of the first transcontinental railroad, and wagon trains as a way of migrating essentially ended in the 1890s.. However, this was not the end of the stagecoach, as it continued to be utilized in areas without railroad service for several more decades. Stagecoach driver Henry Monk better known as Hank was famous after rushing to get Horace Greeley to his lecture on time. He met resistance from officials who believed that the existing system could not be improved, but eventually the Chancellor of the Exchequer, William Pitt, allowed him to carry out an experimental run between Bristol and London. It is strongly sprung and generally drawn by four horses. The first mail coaches appeared in the later 18th century carrying passengers and the mails, replacing the earlier post riders on the main roads. © Kathy Weiser / Legends of … By 1829 Boston was the hub of 77 stagecoach lines; by 1832 there were 106. The last American chapter in the use of the stage coaches took place between 1890 and the late 1920s, when the road to Young, AZ was paved and the stagecoach was replaced with a Ford. The yard of ale drinking glass is associated by legend with stagecoach drivers, though it was mainly used for drinking feats and special toasts.[2][3]. Nettie Spencer died in 1947. R.J. Spillane, 72, operates Stagecoach Trails Livery on County Highway 3 (also called Stagecoach Trails Road) just west of Apple River, in Jo Daviess County. In addition to the stage driver or coachman who guided the vehicle, a shotgun messenger armed with a coach gun might travel as a guard beside him. And last, east on Rt. The creators of the Concord were J. S. Abbot and Lewis Downing who were so careful with their products that not one stagecoach ever left the factory without their inspection. The body of the carriage rests upon large thongs of leather, fastened to heavy blocks of wood, instead of springs, and the whole is drawn by seven horses.[18]. The last run went to Rawhide, Nevada, about 1909. Kinnear's mail and express line: That day's stage ride will always live in my memory – but not for its beauty spots. The last stagecoach passed through the county in 1869. You may later unsubscribe. [8] A string of coaching inns operated as stopping points for travellers on the route between London and Liverpool. It was used as a public conveyance on an established route usually to a regular schedule. Filter by topic . If they run slow, they move around a lot. The Wells Fargo-run Overland Mail Company operated the Pony Express from California to Salt Lake City. Australia's last horse-drawn stagecoach service was run by Cobb & Co from Yuleba to Surat in Queensland on 14 August 1924. [note 1] A professional coachman might accompany them to avert disaster. The inside, which is capacious, and lofty, and will hold six people in great comfort is lined with leather padded, and surrounded with little pockets, in which travellers deposit their bread, snuff, night caps, and pocket handkerchiefs, which generally enjoy each others company, in the same delicate depository. Some stagecoaches remained in use for commercial or recreational purposes. Two men in Concord, New Hampshire, developed what became a popular solution. However, the 1939 Hollywood epic Stagecoach, directed by John Ford and featuring a young John Wayne, probably did more than anything else to foster modern perceptions of stagecoach travel as both romantic and dangerous. View Stagecoach Days 2008 Event Information. Spent horses were replaced with fresh horses at stage stations, posts, or relays. Three times a day, passengers could get a hurried meal. Other owners would take more enthusiastic suitably-dressed passengers and indulge in competitive driving. The Old West: The Expressman (Time Life Books, 1974). Professionals called these vehicles 'butterflies'. Long-haul stages tended to run 24-hours-a-day, but some stage stops featured overnight accommodations. Elliott mounted each wheel with two durable elliptic steel leaf springs on each side and the body of the carriage was fixed directly to the springs attached to the axles. 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